Team members

  1. Luca Chiapponi– RTD B ICAR/01      
  2. Andrea Maranzoni – PA – ICAR/01              
  3. Sandro Longo – PO – ICAR/01          
  4. Francesca Aureli – PA – ICAR/02
  5. Susanna Dazzi – RTD A ICAR/02
  6. Marco D’Oria – RTD B – ICAR/02
  7. Alessia Ferrari – RTD A ICAR/02
  8. Paolo Mignosa – PO – ICAR/02        
  9. Federico Prost – Assegnista di ricerca – ICAR/02                
  10. Maria Giovanna Tanda ­– PO – ICAR/02
  11. Valeria Todaro – Assegnista di ricerca – ICAR/02                
  12. Renato Vacondio – PA – ICAR/02                
  13. Andrea Zanini – PA – ICAR/02


The laboratory of Hydraulics and Hydraulic Structures is currently involved in teaching, research, and consulting activities in the fields of Fluid Mechanics, River Hydraulics, Hydraulic Structures and Surface and Groundwater Hydrology. The laboratory is equipped with up-to-date apparatus and measuring instruments that allow experimental and environmental monitoring activities to be carried out (level and flow measurements in situ, pumping tests, etc.). It also has a variable slope channel, with recirculation also of solid material, and the necessary equipment for calibrating a wide range of instruments. A sandbox, equipped to perform groundwater flow and transport tests, is present as well. Within the laboratory, pure and applied research activities are carried out, and physical scale models are produced, such as expansion tanks and other largescale hydraulic works, confluences, sluice gates and discharge devices, pipeline systems, etc.

The laboratory will continue to be the centre of institutional teaching activities (Teaching of Hydraulic Measurements and Controls Laboratory, Internships), fundamental and applied university research (experimental master and PhD theses and scientific experiments), as well as experimental activities on behalf of third parties.

Coordinator: Marco D’Oria .
Contact person: Luca Chiapponi -

Recent Research Projects

Research funded by Private Companies:

  • TOTO Costruzioni S.p.A. Modello fisico delle pile del ponte sul fiume Po ex S.S. n.413 "Romana". 2017. Grant 35.000 €. P.I.: Prof. Paolo Mignosa. Participants: Eng. Marco D'Oria, Eng. Luca Chiapponi.

PRIN Projects

  • FIRMITAS: multi-hazard assessment, control and retroFIt of bridges for enhanced Robustness using sMart IndusTriAlized Solutions. Universities involved: Politecnico di Milano, IUSS Pavia, Roma Tre, Parma, Napoli Federico II, Cassino e Lazio Meridionale, Telematica Pegaso. Grant UniPr: 153.885 €. P.I. UniPr: Prof. Beatrice Belletti. Participants: Prof. Paolo Mignosa, Prof. Maria Giovanna Tanda.

Selected publications

  1. Petrolo, D., Ungarish, M., Chiapponi, L., Longo, S., 2022. Experimental study on radial gravity currents flowing in a vegetated channel. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 933, A46, 1–38, DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2021.1059, ©The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press.
  2. Longo, S., Chiapponi, L., Petrolo, D., Lenci, A., Di Federico, V., 2021. Converging gravity currents of power-law fluid. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 918, A5, 1–30, DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2021.305, ©The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press.
  3. Chen Z., Xu T., Gómez-Hernández J.J., Zanini A., 2021. Contaminant Spill in a Sandbox with Non-Gaussian Conductivities: Simultaneous Identification by the Restart Normal-Score Ensemble Kalman Filter. Math Geosci. doi: 10.1007/s11004-021-09928-y.
  4. Lenci, A., Chiapponi, L., Longo, S., Di Federico, V., 2021. Experimental investigation on backflow of power-law fluids in planar fractures. Physics of Fluids, 33, 083111, DOI: 10.1063/5.0062422.
  5. English, A., Domínguez, J.M., Vacondio, R., Crespo, a. J. C., Stansby, P. K., Lind, S. J.m, Chiapponi, L., Gomez-Gesteira, M., 2021. Modified dynamic boundary conditions (mDBC) for general-purpose smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH): application to tank sloshing, dam break and fish pass problems. Computational Particle Mechanics, DOI:
  6. Petrolo, D., Longo, S., 2020. Buoyancy transfer in a two-layer system in steady state. Experiments in a Taylor-Couette cell. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 896, A27,1–31. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2020.362, ©The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press.
  7. Chiapponi, L., Petrolo, D., Lenci, A., Di Federico, V., Longo, S., 2020. Dispersion induced by non-Newtonian gravity flow in a layered fracture or formation. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 903, A14,1–35. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2020.624, ©The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press.
  8. Chiapponi, L., Ungarish, M., Petrolo, D., Di Federico, V., Longo, S., 2019. Non-Boussinesq gravity currents and surface waves generated by lock-release in a circular-section-channel: theoretical and experimental investigation. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 869, 610–633, DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2019.226, ©2019 Cambridge University Press.
  9. Chen Z., Gómez-Hernández J.J., Xu T., Zanini A., 2018. Joint identification of contaminant source and aquifer geometry in a sandbox experiment with the restart ensemble Kalman filter, Journal of Hydrology, 564:1074-1084. doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2018.07.073.
  10. Chiapponi, L., Ungarish, M., Longo, S., Di Federico, V., Addona, F., 2018. Critical regime of gravity currents flowing in non-rectangular channels with density stratification. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 840, 579–612, DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2017.917, ©2018 Cambridge University Press.
  11. Chiapponi, L., 2017. Water retention curves of multicomponent mixtures of spherical particles. Powder technology, 320, 646-655.
  12. Di Federico, V., Longo, S., King, S. E., Chiapponi, L., Petrolo, D., Ciriello, V., 2017. Gravity-driven flow of Herschel-Bulkley fluid in a fracture and in a 2D porous medium. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 821, 59–84, DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2017.234, ©2017 Cambridge University Press.
  13. Longo, S., Ungarish, M., Di Federico, V., Chiapponi, L., Addona, F., 2016. Gravity currents produced by constant and time varying inflow in a circular cross-section channel: experiments and theory. Advances in Water Resources, 90, 10–23, DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2016.01.011.
  14. Aureli, F., Dazzi, S., Maranzoni, A., Mignosa, P. & Vacondio, R., 2015. Experimental and numerical evaluation of the force due to the impact of a dam-break wave on a structure, Advances in Water Resources 76, 29–42.
  15. Citarella, D., Cupola F., Tanda M.G., Zanini A., 2015. Evaluation of dispersivity coefficients by means of a laboratory image analysis, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 172(0), 10-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jconhyd.2014.11.001.
  16. Cupola F., Tanda M.G., Zanini A., 2015. Laboratory sandbox validation of pollutant source location methods, Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 7 di 16 January 2015, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 169-182, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, ISSN: 1436-3240 (online) 1436-3259 (cartaceo). doi: 10.1007/s00477-014-0869-4.
  17. Longo, S., Ungarish, M., Di Federico, V., Chiapponi, L., Maranzoni, A., 2015. The propagation of gravity currents in a circular cross-section channel: experiments and theory. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 764, 513–537, DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2014.701, ©2015 Cambridge University Press.
  18. Aureli, F. Dazzi, S., Maranzoni, A. & Mignosa, P., 2014. A combined color-infrared imaging technique for measuring water surface over non-horizontal bottom, Experiments in Fluids, 55:170, ISSN:0723-4864.
  19. Aureli , F., Maranzoni, A., Mignosa, P. & Ziveri, C., 2011. An image processing technique for measuring free surface of dam-break flows, Experiments in Fluids, 50: 665-675,
  20. Aureli, F., Maranzoni, A., Mignosa, P., Ziveri, C., 2008. Dam-break flows: acquisition of experimental data through an imaging technique and 2D numerical modelling. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 134(8), 1089-1101,
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